POLTAVA CLAY (Poltavskaya glinistaya)
Their resource is actually uncertain. It is thought that it had been developed by crossing regional hens that have Fan Orpingtons. An effective genetic resemblance are based in the polymorphism away from healthy protein loci of eggs of Poltava Clay and you may Rhode Island Reds.
As step one951 this new Ukrainian Institute regarding Chicken Reproduction has been engaged in-breeding manage Poltava Clay chickens on such basis as bulk choice to increase egg development and you can live lbs. Four inbred outlines formal to own egg manufacturing was in fact started in 1966; these were bred of the mating 50 % of sibs. The typical development hit 190-209 egg a year that have an eggs lbs of 54-58 g. Production of champions reached 316 eggs a year.
The consolidating feature off birds from all of these the lines is actually checked out in the mix which have Light Leghorns. The creation of a couple of- otherwise around three-range interbreed hybrids was 236-240 egg a year which have an enthusiastic egg pounds from 53-54 g.
Poltava Clay birds was commonly marketed regarding the Ukraine toward facilities maybe not dedicated to chicken so that as personal possessions of one’s rural society. In recent years the inventory provides diminished of 747 000 during the 1974 to 626 100 within the 1980.
Poltava Clay birds keeps enthusiast plumage with black tips to airline and you will tail feathers. Ear-lobes try purple; the fresh new brush was green and you will shanks are yellow.
This new breed are raised for egg and you can beef creation. The fresh alive weight from 8-week-dated . pullets is 0.8 kg and of cockerels 0.9 kg; adult hens weigh dos.dos kg and you can cocks dos.6 kilogram. Many years in the maturity was 170 months. The common production of Poltava hens try 170-190 eggs per year having an encumbrance out-of 56 g. The newest egg-shell was brownish. Virility away from egg was 95% and you may hatchability 88%. Success rate of young inventory was 92% as well as adults 95%.
Poltava Clay birds are bred having high eggs production and eggs lbs and therefore are included in autosexing crosses with wild birds that have white Columbian plumage.
MEAT-Egg Types ADLER Silver (Adlerskaya serebristaya)
This breed was produced in the Adler poultry complex in Krasnodar territory during 1951-65 by crossing chickens of five breeds. Males of the Pervomai breed were mated with Russian White females and the F1 crosses were bred inter se. F2 progeny with a high production and viability were mated with New Hampshire males in order to improve meat qualities. The three-breed crosses were bred inter se. Offspring selected on appearance and growth rate were mated with White Plymouth Rock cocks for further improvement of meat conformation. These four-way crosses were bred inter se and their offspring were selected according to “standard” requirements. Some of these hens were mated with Yurlov cocks and the five-way crosses were bred inter se.
In making it reproduce a portion of the breeding method try band of the students inventory towards the alive weight at two months old, price out of feathering, beef conformation. In the for every single age group, when choosing birds with the nucleus inventory, taste was given to help you specimens towards the Columbian plumage development.
New inventory out-of Adler chickens increased constantly and also by 1961 they had hit 4600 direct; for the 1962 it designated 8100. During the 1962 20 pencils from equivalent birds was shaped in order to evaluate dicks into chicken services of its girls and boys. Guaranteeing genealogical traces in the reproduce was in fact recognized by 1965. The entire inventory in that 12 months attained 46 100000 and you may conversion away from hatching eggs rose to five-hundred one hundred thousand. The newest reproduce is elevated for the Krasnodar and you may Stavropol territories plus in Azerbaijan. The inhabitants increased away from 110 000 from inside the 1975 in order to 603 one hundred thousand by 1980.
Trait options that come with the fresh Adler breed are: each other animal meat and you will egg production, Columbian plumage pattern, unmarried comb, yellow ear canal-lobes and you may red shanks. These birds possess a proper-setup skeleton.