Benevolent and Intense Sexism during the Societal Spheres: The Effect away from Moms and dads, University and you can Relationship towards Belgian Adolescents’ Sexist Perceptions

Benevolent and Intense Sexism during the Societal Spheres: The Effect away from Moms and dads, University and you can Relationship towards Belgian Adolescents’ Sexist Perceptions

Benevolent and Intense Sexism in the Societal Spheres: New Effect off Parents, College and you can Romance towards the Belgian Adolescents’ Sexist Perceptions

Despite growing public awareness and policy efforts, gender equality has not yet been fully established in Western societies. Previous research has shown that hostile and benevolent sexist attitudes, which are grounded in traditional gender stereotypes, play a key role in the reproduction of gender inequalities. Whereas, hostile and benevolent sexism among adolescents has been previously studied, limited attention has been paid to social characteristics in understanding the support for these attitudes. In this article, we aim to study how the family, the school and romantic partnerships relate to adolescents’ benevolent and hostile sexist attitudes. We relied on data gathered in 2013 by the Flemish Youth Research Platform and performed multivariate analyses on 755 parent-child dyads (n> = 342; n+ = 413). Our results indicate that social characteristics especially matter to explain the variation in benevolent sexist attitudes among girls and hostile sexist attitudes among boys. Among girls, being in a romantic relationship and parents’ traditional moral beliefs was strongly related to benevolent sexism; while for boys, hostile sexism was strongly related to being enrolled in technical and vocational education. In the conclusion, we elaborate on the implications of our findings.


In recent years intercourse equivalence has never only gotten broadening social focus, however, is served by become a significant coverage topic in West societies. However, even with enduring operate, intercourse equivalence hasn’t been completely established in regards to work rates, labor business condition, commission, participation in the decision-and also make ranks, workshare on house and you can childcare (The country Bank, 2011; Eu, 2017). Regardless of if multiple causes set about these chronic intercourse inequalities, it is undeniable that traditional intercourse beliefs and you will stereotypes (we.age., sex bias) play a switch character. Very early in daily life, men, and you will lady was educated simple tips to behave, exactly what items so you can particularly or do and you may exactly what playthings otherwise attire to choose (Eccles et al., 2000). Regarding ages of 4 to five years dated, people show intercourse stereotypical tastes which have, particularly, people preferring romantic reports and you may boys leaning with the the greater number of adventurous of these (Durkin and Nugent, 1998). These types of sex stereotypes hold cultural significance, strategies and you may (role) standards you to definitely plan out existence from the often (subtly) influencing and you may powering man’s philosophy, thoughts, attitudes, and you may routines (Eckes and you may Trautner, 2000; Ridgeway and you can Correll, 2004). During young people, these intercourse stereotypes end in girls and boys mostly hanging out that have same-gender colleagues and playfully to avoid both (Powlishta, 2003; ). While in the adolescence this cures video game disappears because of the introduction out-of sexual interest and you will an interest in intimacy (Maccoby, 1998; Rudman and you can Glick, 2008). Such progressing intergroup relationship render the research out-of adolescents’ sexist attitudes quite interesting. Sexist thinking and you may thinking limit and you will dictate future existence trajectories by (usually subtly) influencing beliefs, ideas, and you will habits (Eckes and Trautner, 2000; Ridgeway and you may Correll, 2004). It recommend gender-specific routines and you will opportunities you to hamper younger mans power to discern the various psychological, societal, and you can informative capacities and you may choice which may be envisioned (Rainey and you may Corrosion, 1999; Paul Halpern and Perry-Jenkins, 2016). Sooner, that it undermines (policy) work one to focus on gender equality (Glick ainsi que al., 2001).

With what public contexts perform sexist thinking are present after that? Research has not yet carefully read brand new you are able to social variation away from sexist thinking among teens. Despite having a huge extra worth when you look at the putting on sense to your sexist thinking, extremely browse with this matter could have been mainly accomplished by psychologists just who tend to work on seemingly smaller than average homogeneous samples. Mathematically it offers hence been hard to studies new social variation away from sexist attitudes. Earlier in the day look certainly one of (young) people has indicated that socio-financial products such income, jobs condition and you may educational attainment connect with man’s socio-governmental attitudes (Crompton and you will Lyonette, 2005; Davis and you may Greenstein, 2009; ). According to that it, we predict you to definitely man’s personal background issues whenever training sexist thinking. Thus, this study aims to explore exactly how socio-monetary and you can social facets relate to both benevolent and you can hostile sexist attitudes certainly one of kids out-of good sociological position. We do this by simply following Glick and Fiske’s (1996) distinction between hostile and you may benevolent sexist perceptions. To grasp new socio-monetary and you can social background regarding kids i differentiate ranging from ascribed and you will hit personal qualities.